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4 de enero de 2015

Exercise on Project Management Terminology


Exercise: Match these terms on the left with the definitions on the right.

1 Adaptive Life Cycle A An enterprise whose personnel are most directly involved in doing the work of the project or program.
2 Assumption B A project life cycle, also known as change-driven or agile methods, that is intended to facilitate change and require a high degree of ongoing stakeholder involvement. These project life cycles are also iterative and incremental, but iterations are very rapid (usually 2–4 weeks in length) and fixed in time and resources.
3 Constraint C Projects, programs, subportfolios, and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives.
4 Enterprise Environmental Factors D Any organizational structure in which the project manager shares responsibility with the functional managers for assigning priorities and for directing the work of persons assigned to the project.
5 Functional Organization E The series of phases of a project from initiating to closing.
6 Progressive Elaboration F An artifact that is produced, is quantifiable, and can be either an end item in itself or a component item.
7 Iterative Life Cycle G A limiting factor that affects the execution of a project, program, portfolio, or process.
8 Life Cycle H A group of related projects, subprograms, and program activities managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits not available from managing them individually.
9 Matrix Organization I Plans, processes, policies, procedures, and knowledge bases that are specific to and used by the performing organization.
10 Organizational Process Assets J A hierarchical organization where each employee has one clear superior, and staff are grouped by areas of specialization and managed by a person with expertise in that area.
11 Organizational Project Management Maturity K Conditions, not under the immediate control of the team, that influence, constrain, or direct the project, program, or portfolio.
12 Performing Organization L The level of an organization’s ability to deliver the desired strategic outcomes in a predictable, controllable, and reliable manner.
13 Portfolio M The iterative process of increasing the level of detail in a project management plan as greater amounts of information and more accurate estimates become available.
14 Product N A factor in the planning process that is considered to be true, real, or certain, without proof or demonstration.
15 Program O A project life cycle where the project scope is generally determined early in the project lifecycle, but time and cost estimates are routinely modified as the project team understanding of the product increases. Iterations develop the product through a series of repeated cycles, while increments successively add to the functionality of the product.



Solution:
1-B, 2-N, 3-G, 4-K, 5-J, 6-M, 7-O, 8-E, 9-D, 10-I, 11-L, 12-A, 13-C, 14-F, 15-H.
If you prefer online practicing, in Spanish or in English, then you can go to this Google Document at http://goo.gl/1Yi9Pp

Click here to read the Spanish version of this article
Click the label English to see the other articles written in English